James Russell – Aunt Bolles Connection

As a follow up to the post about Aunt Bolles and her Spoons, I wanted to determine the exact connection between James Russell and Dorcas (Russell) Bolles.  In his letter to Edward Henry9 Dickerman, James closed with the signature line

“Your affect. Cousin, James Russell”

The original letter can be seen here and the transcription here: Letter_of_James_Russell-June_19_1886-Transcription

So how were Dorcas and James actually related?  For many years I hoped that James was the brother of Dorcas, which may have lead me to her and my Great-Great-Great Grandmother, Mary Russell’s parents.   Russ Dickerman and I have made the case that Dorcas, Mary, Diantha, and Albert G. Russell were all children of William Russell, son of Jason and Elizabeth (Locke) Russell.  (See “Russell’n Through the Leaves”)


1900 Census entry for James Russell

However, after reviewing the census records of the late nineteenth century for Mason, New Hampshire, I do not believe James Russell was the son of William, or even the nephew of William (making him a first cousin of Dorcas).  Instead, I now think it is more likely that this James Russell was born in 1838, the son of Jonathan and Sophia (Farwell) Russell.   In the 1880 Census for Mason, James Russell is listed as a Lumber Dealer, aged 42, living with his parents, two younger brothers, and a sister-in-law.   By the 1900 census, he was married to Lydia Farnsworth with son James Howard Russell listed at age seven.  The court documents provide no clues as to whether this is the “right” James Russell.

The original petition for custody of Dorcas Bolles was dated November 1882, when James H. Bolles died.  James Russell’s father Jonathan had died in January of the same year, but his mother Sophia Farwell lived until 1891. Were Sophia and Dorcas perhaps very close friends?   Sadly, Aunt Bolles passed away the next spring on April 29, 1883.  So we’re still wondering, where was the connection between James Russell and Dorcas (Russell) Bolles?

Well, tracing back the lineage of James Russell, we find that he and Dorcas are first cousins, once removed.  His father, Jonathan Russell, was the son of Josiah Russell.  Josiah was the third son of Jason Russell and Elizabeth Locke.  His youngest brother was William Russell, father of Dorcas.


Death Record of James Russell of Mason, N.H.

James Russell died in 1918, the result of being burned in a fire.  Lydia preceded him in death by fifteen years.  Their son, Lt. Col. James Howard Russell, is buried with his parents and wife in Milford near Mason.  Perhaps someday we will meet some of his descendants.

James and Lydia A. (Farnsworth) Russell

Headstone for James and Lydia A. Russell

As mentioned in the previous post, Aunt Dorcas was always highly regarded and well-loved by all the nieces and nephews.  Her three natural children died in childhood, but she adopted many children including Frank Bolles Dickerman, son of Samuel R. and Fannie (Bolles) Dickerman.  In fact, Fannie herself was adopted by the Bolles family and Frank thought so much of James and Dorcas that he changed his name to Frank Dickerman Bolles.  I can think of no better tribute to the extraordinary Aunt Bolles and her very generous husband, James Harrison Bolles.

Aunt Bolles and Her Spoons

Part of the draw of genealogy study is the desire to know your ancestors, to know where you came from.  For other researchers, it’s the desire to solve a mystery – to fill in some missing piece of a larger puzzle that motivates you to spend countless hours researching what was once known but now is lost.


For this researcher, I must admit it’s both.   I enjoy learning more about my ancestors, but when a puzzle piece falls neatly into place, I get a real feeling of accomplishment.

So it was earlier this fall when I went back and re-read the “Russell’n Through the Leaves” short story.   This story outlines the re-discovery of cousins long forgotten and the efforts of my family to re-connect.  One of the enduring mysteries of this chapter was the relationship of Aunt Bolles and James Russell.

Letter of James Russell_envelope

Letter of James Russell – 1886

In a letter dated June 19, 1886, James Russell wrote to Edward Henry9 Dickerman, my Great-Great Grandfather, and addressed him as “Dear Cousin Ed”.  In the letter James describes a family dispute “among the heirs” of an estate worth some $40,000 – a sizable fortune in those days.  James was referring to the estate of Mr. James Harrison Bolles, a wealthy resident of Pepperill, Massachusetts.  James Bolles died November 5th, 1882 and his widow, Mrs. Dorcas R. Bolles, was deemed “insane” and under the guardianship of James Russell.  The full Probate Record from Hollis, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire can be read here:




Edward9 was described as “next of kin and heir”.   My conclusion was that he was the nephew of Dorcas R. (Russell) Bolles, the sister of his mother Mary Russell Dickerman.  (Mary R. Dickerman later married Arnold Payne in Michigan.)   But how does James Russell fit into the picture?  Was he perhaps a brother of Dorcas and Mary?  After a decade of research, this author has not found any direct evidence to prove this to be true, though it seems very likely.

In my personal library, besides the 1886 letter, I have copies of several correspondences between James Russell, Edward Dickerman, and his Uncle Albert G. Russell.  Albert was a younger brother of Mary and Dorcas and a prominent citizen of Hubbardston, Michigan.  After the death of her husband, Samuel8 Dickerman in 1850, Mary R. moved to Michigan to live “in the wilderness” with her brother, A.G. Russell.  The family kept in contact with relatives back east through a series of letters and visits.  Much of our current research has been based upon the content of these letters.

Perhaps the most interesting part of James Russell’s 1886 letter is a paragraph near the end.   He states

“There are a lot of spoons at Bennett’s, which Bennett’s wife proposed to have divided among the nephews and nieces of Mrs. Bolles.  It seems to me if any interest attaches to them it would be better for one to have the set than divide them among a dozen or so”
“I think there are a dozen teaspoons and three or four table spoons.”

These were likely silver spoons which would have had an intrinsic value but certainly far more value today as a family heirloom.  It  seems they were, indeed, “divided up among the heirs.”   So this begs the question, whatever became of these spoons?  This remained a mystery until just recently.


Who was this Aunt Bolles?  She was always spoken of fondly among the letters and was undoubtedly a favorite Aunt of all the Dickerman children.   There was a bit of tragedy in her life but also a remarkable spirit that was evidenced by her actions.

Dorcas Russell and James Harrison Bolles were married January 27th, 1835 in Charleston, Massachusetts.  They had three children, James Albert (b. 1838), Julie Lorena (b. 1844) and  Lucy Mary (b. 1848).  Sadly, each died within a month of birth.  However, Mr. and Mrs. Bolles went on to adopt many children including the minor children of John Dickerman and her aunt Sally Ann Dakin.  The original Probate Records of this adoption can be seen here:




S.R. Dickerman

Portrait of Sgt. S.R. Dickerman

It turns out the Bolles would open their home to many children including an adoption of young, Dolly Ann Francena Butterfield.  Dolly was born Dec. 11, 1830, the daughter of David S. Butterfield and Catharine Hicklings.  Though I have yet to locate the original probate records of adoption, it seems that Dolly’s name was changed to Francena Ann Bolles and that she was known as “Fannie”.   A young veteran of the Mexican-American War, Samuel R.9 Dickerman, met Fannie and married her on March 12th, 1855.  Fannie gave birth to Frank Bolles10 Dickerman on June 26th of that year and tragically died July 20th, less than a month after giving birth.

Later, on December 16, 1861, S.R. Dickerman, would marry Sophia Blood and have a son George Henry Ainsworth10 Dickerman, in August 1863.  George H.A. Dickerman’s descendant is Russell12 Dickerman who still lives in the Nashua, New Hampshire area.  When visiting Russ we came across the gravestone of Fannie A. Bolles, wife of S.R. Dickerman in Pepperill, Massachusetts as described in the “Russell’n” story.  Incredibly, Russ said that a lock of red hair had been passed down with Fannie’s name attached.  Until we re-discovered her headstone at Pepperill, Russ had no idea who she was.

Fannie A. Bolles, wife of S.R. Dickerman

Fannie A. Bolles, wife of S.R. Dickerman

But what of this young lad, Frank Bolles Dickerman?  Without his mother to care for him, Sam left his son in the care of James and Dorcas Bolles.  Both Samuel and Frank were present in their home during the 1860 census.  With the outbreak of the Civil War, Samuel joined the New Hampshire Regiment and was captured late in the war.  Sadly, S.R. Dickerman died while a prisoner of war at Andersonville Prison in Georgia.  However, his name is not on any of the death rosters and his 1864 diary was lost.  Samuel’s 1862 and 1863 diaries will be the subject of another post at some time in the future.

So now, we have Frank Bolles Dickerman, less than ten years old with both Mother and Father deceased.  The Bolles raised him as their own child and applied for his guardianship.  Eventually Frank took the name Frank Dickerman Bolles as described in the Last_Will_of_James_H_Bolles-File_No_8193.  Searching the internet this year I came across an Ancestry.com page called “The Frank Dickerman Bolles Story”, written by his grandson, Kenneth Bolles11.   The entire story is available in pdf format here:



Frank Dickerman Bolles Story, by Kenneth Bolles – Ancestry

Following up on this story, I contacted Ken’s son Richard B. Bolles12 who posted the story to Ancestry.com and reprinted here with his permission.  Richard is a twelfth generation descendant of Thomas1 Dickerman.  Richard put me in contact with Wendelyn Bolles 13 who shared with me a photo of a spoon passed down to her through her father and grandfather.  At last, we find one of Aunt Bolles’ spoons.


Aunt Bolles spoon – courtesy Wendelyn Bolles.

Even more importantly, we’ve found new cousins and descendants of Thomas1 Dickerman.  Many thanks to Richard and Wendy for their help with this effort.

Descendants of Samuel[8] and Mary (Russell) Dickerman

Samuel[8] Dickerman was an eighth generation descendant of Thomas[1] and Ellen Dickerman, the original immigrant ancestors of nearly all living Dickerman’s in the U.S.  Samuel’s father was also named Samuel and his mother was Mary Lewis.   The line goes back as follows:

Samuel[8], Samuel[7],  Samuel[6], Samuel[5], John[4], John[3], Thomas[2], Thomas[1]

Samuel[6] and Persis have an interesting story, but this entry is about Samuel[8] and Mary and their children.  This researcher has spent many hours over several decades tracing the lives and history of this Civil War era family.  On March 31st, 1849, Samuel[8] set sail for California aboard the Brig Taranto in search of gold in the fields of California.  He was about to participate in the Gold Rush of 1849 as one of the original “Forty-Niners”.   Sam’s name (S.Dickerman) appears in several lists, including this entry from the New York Herald of April 7th of that year.

Samuel joined The Shawmut Mining and Trading Association along with others from New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Each of the sixty men in the company paid $300 in shares for the opportunity to sail to California in search of gold.  After a brief legal challenge (see Massachusetts District Court decision of March, 1849), the Taranto set sail from Boston commanded by Capt. Saunders.  The brig sailed around Cape Horn at the southern tip of South America with stops in Brazil and other South American ports.  From there, the ship sailed north to San Francisco Bay where is was abandoned by the crew and passengers – all seeking fortune in the Gold Fields of California.  Eventually, the Brig Taranto was sold at auction.

Sadly, Sam died within a year leaving his wife, Mary (Russell) Dickerman and younger children, including Edward Henry[9] Dickerman, great-great grandfather of this author.  With older brother James and younger sister Diantha in tow, Mary moved into the Wilderness in west-central Michigan to live with her brother, Albert G. Russell.  Mary eventually met and married Arnold Payne, the first white settler of Gratiot County, Michigan whose biography can be found in the Portrait and Biographical Album of Gratiot County, Michigan.  Mary (Russell) Dickerman Payne is buried in the “Old Payne Cemetery”, now known as as the Fulton Township Cemetery.


Owen Louis[12] and Lee (Olson) Dickerman in the Old Payne Cemetery with the headstone of Mary (Russell) Dickerman Arnold.

Samuel[8] Dickerman was reported to have died in California in 1850 though we have no record other than the writings of E.H. Dickerman.  Edward passed this information on to Edward Dwight Dickerman who wrote and published the Dickerman Genealogy.  Mary died August 30, 1865.

Russell'n_coverResponding to a challenge from my Uncle Jim (James Samuel[12] Dickerman) to locate the parents of Mary (Russell) Dickerman, with our cousin Russell E.[12] Dickerman we have been able to show that Mary was descended from Jason Russell of Menotomy, Massachusetts.  The entire story of our research efforts is described in the short story, “Russell’n Through the Leaves“, available on this server in PDF format.

Jason Russell was killed on his own doorstep defending his home during the retreat of the British from Lexington and Concord on the first day of the Revolutionary War.  Jason’s home is now a museum maintained by The Arlington Historical Society and worth a trip back east to visit.


Judy (Dickerman[13]) Craig at the Jason Russell House – Arlington, Massachusetts

The research required for this work has lead us to long-lost cousins including Russ[12] and Geri Dickerman of Nashua, New Hampshire, Owen[12] and Lee Dickerman, formerly of Somerset, Massachusetts, Charlie[12] and Diane Dickerman of Vermont, and even Richard[12] and Wendy[13] Bolles, descendants of Frank Bolles Dickerman.  (The Bolles-Dickerman connection will be the subject of a  future entry and a fascinating story by itself.)

Other Descendants of Samuel[8] and Mary (Russell) Dickerman are undoubtedly out but not yet known to this author.  A brief summary of the original Civil War era children are:

Children of Samuel[8] Dickerman and Mary Russell:

S.R. Dickerman

Sgt. S.R. Dickerman – photographed around 1861/62

 – Samuel R. Dickerman[9] – born in 1828 in Mason, New Hampshire.  Sam served in the Mexican War and in the New Hampshire regiment during the Civil War.  S.R. Dickerman died at Andersonville prison and left diaries.

– William R. Dickerman[9] born in 1830 and died young in 1841 at Nashua, New Hampshire.

 – Charles A. Dickerman[9] born in 1832 in Topsham, Vermont.  Lived in Cambridge, Mass and is the ancestor of Owen[12], James[13],  and Charles[12] Dickerman.  Charles named his eldest son for younger brother Edward Henry Dickerman[9] below.

– Albert L. Dickerman[9] born in 1834 in Vermont.  Albert married Thankful Robbins and lived in Riviere du Loop, Canada for many years.  After Thankful’s death, Albert remarried Eliza Kerrigan and moved to Kenton, Kentucky along with son, James Albert Dickerman[10].  Our research continues to search for possible descendants of James.

– James H. Dickerman[9] born in 1836 in New Hampshire.  James served during the Civil War and was mortally wounded, dying in 1863.  James had children including Dorr Dickerman[10] who lived and died in Michigan.  Still searching for any descendants.

– Nelson M. Dickerman[9] born in 1838 and died within a year.

14 EHD0001 At Discharge

Edward Henry Dickerman at Discharge.   Original tintype taken around 1862. – Image courtesy JSD[12]

– Edward Henry Dickerman[9] born in Nashua in 1840.  E.H. Dickerman is the subject of much research including the original Dickerman.org website.  Edward served with the Michigan Third Infantry and left diaries available for download and viewing.  E.H. Dickerman[9] is the ancestor of this author.

– Mary Diantha Dickerman[9], born in 1843 and died in 1870 in Fulton Township, Michigan.

14 Edward H Dickerman

Edward Henry Dickerman[9] with Army Insignia – Image courtesy JSD[12]